Headphones vs Earbuds: Which Is Better?

Headphones vs. earbuds
Headphones vs. earbuds

A comprehensive comparison of headphones vs. earbuds to help you choose which one’s right for you.

If you’re in the market for something to satisfy your audio needs, you may be wondering whether or not headphones or earbuds are the right choice for you. After all, what’s the difference? For some, it would seem they serve the same purpose anyway.

On top of trying to decide between earbuds and headphones, it’s easy to find yourself overwhelmed by the many different brands out there and what they have to offer in terms of features and design.

In this article, we’re going to break down what headphones and earbuds are, as well as the differences between them to help you make an informed decision.

What Are Headphones?

Headphones are two small loudspeakers connected by a band. They’re worn over the top of the head, resting on or over your ears.

Their purpose is to allow a single person to listen to an audio source privately. Each pair of headphones may look different, but their general make-up is the same.

Headphones generally come with two necessary choices: on-ear or over-ear and open-back or closed-back.

A pair of wireless headphones. (From: Pexels)
A pair of wireless headphones. (From: Pexels)

Over-ear headphones

Over-ear headphones (also known as circumaural headphones) have large earpads that surround the ears rather than rest on them.

They also often come with extra padding on the headband for comfort. However, due to their size and weight, they can be quite cumbersome when on-the-go.

These types of headphones are good for sealing against the head to help with noise isolation.

On-ear headphones

On-ear headphones (also known as supra-aural headphones) are designed to rest on your ears rather than around them.

Thanks to their small design, on-ear headphones are generally lighter than over-ear headphones. However, you may experience discomfort over long periods of listening. This is due to the pressure of the headphones resting on your ears.

Because they rest on the ears, they are more susceptible to sound intrusion from the outside. This also means that loud audio can leak outside the headphones.

Closed-back vs open-back headphones

Along with making the choice between on-ear or over-ear, you need to decide on whether you want closed-back or open-back headphones. Let’s take a brief look at the differences between the two.

  • Closed-back headphones are headphones that have a solid enclosure on the outer shell. This enclosure keeps audio inside the headphones, directing it straight to your ears. The closed design also helps trap bass tones.
  • Open-back headphones have a breathable design on the outer shell. This helps with airflow and ensures your ears don’t sweat. It also helps create a more natural sound, as it eliminates small echoes. Due to their open design, however, noise isolation becomes a problem as there is no seal to keep sound in.

The majority of headphones on the market are over-ear, closed-back headphones. However, preference is everything. It’s recommended that you try out a few different types of headphones to find a pair that works for you.

To learn more, check out our article on the benefits and drawbacks of closed-back and open-back headphones.

Headphones vs headsets

A gaming headset. (From: Unsplash)
A gaming headset. (From: Unsplash)

Headphones look like headsets in terms of design. The only big difference is the microphone.

Just like headphones, headsets can come wired or wireless. They have a microphone attached directly to them. And, depending on the type, the microphone may be detachable.

Depending on your needs, a headset might be the better option for you. Headsets are used when you need to use headphones, as well as a microphone. They’re a cheaper (and less bulky) alternative to using headphones with an external mic.

What Are Earbuds?

A pair of true wireless earbuds. (From: Pexels)
A pair of true wireless earbuds. (From: Pexels)

Earbuds are two compact devices, each with its own driver. They fit either directly into the ear or rest on the inner part of the ear. They can connect to audio devices either through cable or by wireless connection, depending on the model. Their small form factor means they’re unmatched in terms of portability.

In terms of audio quality, headphones outperform earbuds at the same price point. Design plays a big part in this, as earbuds have much less space for internal components. For some, earbuds can also be uncomfortable, depending on how they fit your ear.

There are two types of earbuds: in-ear monitors (IEMs) and standard earbuds.

IEMs are designed to go directly into your ear canal, whereas standard earbuds rest on the inner part of your ears. Both are intended to deliver audio directly into your ear. IEMs also come with detachable ear tips that offer greater noise isolation. This also allows you to customize the fit to adjust to your ear size.

In addition to this, they can appear in one of these three different connection types:

  • Wired – Both earbuds are connected via a cable that plugs directly into an audio source.
  • Wireless – Both earbuds are connected via a cable to each other but connect to an audio source wirelessly.
  • True Wireless – The earbuds connect to each other and the audio source wirelessly.
For an example of the two different types of earbuds, let’s look at the physical differences between the standard Airpods and Airpods Pro. Airpods are standard earbuds that rest on your ear, whereas Airpods Pro are IEMs that fit directly inside your ear canal.

Differences Between Headphones and Earbuds

Headphones and earbuds each have their strong points. To make a decision on which to buy, you need to first know what you want out of them.

While the below observations are a good guideline on what to look for when shopping, some differences will greatly depend on the make and model, and even sometimes the price point of the headphones or earbuds you’re looking at. To get an idea of what to expect, always consult the user reviews first.

Sound quality

One of the most important factors to consider is sound quality. Crisp, clear audio is something that everybody wants. Poor sound quality is undoubtedly noticeable in any listening scenario.

It’s hard to compare headphones and earbuds in terms of quality because it’s dependent on the model. Both headphones and earbuds feature models that can outperform the other, but at the same price point, headphones will usually perform better.

Verdict: Both headphones and earbuds can produce great sound quality. While physical design can have an effect on sound (like bigger drivers producing better bass on headphones), sound quality is largely based on the specific model.


Man wearing earbuds while on subway (From: Pexels)
Man wearing earbuds while on subway (From: Pexels)

Depending on your lifestyle, portability can be a deciding factor. If you plan to carry the headphones or earbuds with you regularly, they need to be small and lightweight.

Both headphones and earbuds can be used on-the-go. However, headphones can become tiresome to carry and wear due to their size and weight. Earbuds, on the other hand, have been designed with portability in mind.

Verdict: Earbuds, both standard earbuds and IEMs, are the best option in terms of portability. Their small form factor means they’re light, discreet, and take up far less storage space than any pair of headphones.

Noise isolation

Noise isolation measures how well the headphones or earbuds can block outside noise. The better noise isolation you have, the less you can hear the noise outside of your headphones.

Standard earbuds and on-ear headphones are considered the worst for noise isolation. Their design prevents them from sealing against your ears to stop outside noise.

Verdict: Closed-back over-ear headphones will often have the best passive noise isolation thanks to their design. Because the earpads hug around the ears, it creates a seal that helps prevent noise from leaking in.
If over-ear headphones are too large for your preference, try IEMs. They have improved noise isolation thanks to the tips that mould and seal in your ear canal.


Enjoying headphones (From: Pexels)
Enjoying headphones (From: Pexels)

When it comes to using headphones and earbuds, comfort is a major factor. Nobody wants to be uncomfortable when listening to music.

If comfort is your priority, it’s mostly recommended to go for over-ear headphones. This is because they rest on or around the ears rather than inside them. While some over-ear headphones can still put pressure on your ears, their ear pads and headband have foam to help reduce it. However, you should also take the headphones’ padding material into consideration and whether or not it offers ample breathability.

Verdict: For more padding in the earpads, it’s best to go for over-ear headphones. They also generally come with padding on the band that connects both drivers. This helps to ease their weight when worn. They also don’t rest on or in your ears, so no pressure is applied unlike on-ear headphones or earbuds.


Technically speaking, headphones and earbuds are both safe, but this can change depending on how you use them. Listening at high volumes for long periods of time can cause damage to your ears. This is true for both headphones and earphones.

However, due to their design, the risk is somewhat higher for earvuds. Standard earbuds transmit audio directly into your ear, which IEMs sit even closer to your ear canals. Because of this, they can cause more damage at higher volumes. 

Verdict: Prolonged exposure to high volume levels can damage your ears (no matter the device). However, headphones are generally the better option as they aren’t as close to the ear canal as earbuds are.


Price can be pretty consistent with both headphones and earbuds. Each type has models that are on the opposite ends of the spectrum. It really depends on the model, but earbuds are usually cheaper because of their size and the amount of materials used to make them.

Verdict: Price is largely based on the respective model. You can find both cheap and expensive versions of both headphones and earbuds. High-quality headphones are usually accommodated by a high price tag. The same can be said for earbuds.

Headphones vs. Earbuds: Which Should You Go For?

The big question. Ultimately, the choice between headphones and earbuds is dependent on your lifestyle and personal preference. To help you, here are some suggestions on what can work great for each situation.

For kids

Kid listening to headphones (From: Pexels)
Kid listening to headphones (From: Pexels)

As kids’ eardrums are still developing at a young age, headphones are advised as they’re further away from the delicate structures of the inner ear. Even then, what’s more important is ensuring that volume levels sit at 82 decibels or below, as anything above 85 decibels is considered harmful.

A worry-free alternative to this is volume-limiting headphones. Volume-limiting headphones usually cap the volume at 85 decibels, no matter how much your kids may try to amp it up.

For a list of the most recommended headphones for kids, head out to our buyers’ guide for the best kids’ headphones.

For working out

Listening to music while exercising can help get you into the zone. True wireless earbuds can be your best choice. They’re lightweight and wireless so you don’t have to worry about cables restricting your movement or tugging on your clothing.

Looking for headphones for working out? Feel free to check out our list of the top wireless workout headphones!

For air travel

Flights can be long, and oftentimes tirelessly so. To get you through, you can’t go wrong with a pair of noise cancelling headphones for travel.

Headphones are more comfortable for extended wear thanks to the padding. In addition to comfort, you also have noise cancellation. Add the noise cancellation, which is a feature that actively blocks outside noise. And you can be sure to experience a more relaxing trip, whether you go by train, or by air. No more loud engine noise!

For audio mixing and recording

Recording with headphones (From: Pexels)
Recording with headphones (From: Pexels)

A good pair of closed-back monitor headphones are important when recording. They offer great noise isolation.

Monitor headphones are professional-grade headphones that allow you to distinguish each instrument. This helps musicians monitor as they play. It also stops sound bleeding into live mics which would otherwise ruin any recording.

On the other hand, for mixing, open-back headphones are better due to their ability to offer more natural sound at the cost of noise isolation. You’ll have to make sure that you’re mixing in a quiet environment when using open-back headphones, though.

For commuting

For those that have to commute to work or school, earbuds are a very popular choice thanks to their compact and lightweight design. Headphones will work as well, but they aren’t recommended due to their large size and weight.

For offices and online classes

Both headphones and earbuds are great for use in offices and online classes. The decision will heavily depend on personal preference.

In professional environments, headsets are the preferred choice because of their included microphone.

For bass lovers

Partying with headphones (From: Pexels)
Partying with headphones (From: Pexels)

Bass is best experienced through over-ear closed-back headphones with large drivers. Large drivers are better at producing deeper bass. This is complemented by the closed-back design, as it stops bass from escaping.

For gaming

Gaming is all about performance. To ensure you’re performing at your best, a good pair of headphones is essential. For long sessions, over-ear headphones are better for comfort.

Having good headphones is critical when gaming, but so is communication. If you don’t have an external microphone, consider getting a gaming headset instead. They have input and output functionality in one. Additionally, they can sometimes come with buttons for muting and adjusting volume levels.


Deciding between headphones and earbuds can be a daunting task. Now that you know their differences, you can make an informed decision confidently.

What’s the key factor you consider when shopping for some new headphones? Let us know in the comments below!

💬 Conversation: 10 comments

  1. A problem with earbuds is that they may increase earwax production, cause a earwax build up blockage that may end needing professional cleansing, or even a ear infection that can kill you if used for prolonged times, or if they are not clean properly, etc. So from a health perspective headphones are safer.

    1. I completely agree with you 🙂💯. This is the same reason why today I purchased a pair of headphones.

  2. A problem with headphones that there’s a risk of hair loss if you wear them for 1-2 hours a day. So as long as you be careful with earbuds, you might prefer them instead of risking hair loss.

  3. One thing I want to mention:
    For mixing you ideally want to have monitor speakers.
    When you’re done with your mix you will want to listen to it with as many pairs of headphones as possible (on ear, over ear, closed back, open back) and with earbuds.
    To make sure the mix sounds nice on each device.

    Headphones are not fitting for making a balanced mix tho.

  4. Hi, I’m 77 and live in the UK.
    My neighbour complained that my television was on too loud (after 10pm!), she goes to bed early!
    So I bought over-the-head earphones. When watching a late night movie (a couple of hours), I found they hurt my ears. Despite the fact at £99 they were advertised as ‘comfortable’ all day use.
    My daughter uses earpods suggested I investigate those.
    This article is very illuminating. The best review on this subject I’ve read.
    As a result I’ve made up my mind what’s best for me.
    I’m sure after reading the above, you too will know what’s best for you.
    Only remains for me to thank HEADPHONESTY for their brilliant article. 🙂

  5. I have both. Earbuds when I’m on the go and headphones when I’m home. I found that using earbuds too long made my ears itch and produce more ear wax. I didn’t pay a lot eitherI like that I have the ability to choose

    1. I face the same situation when using earphones (wired or wireless) and so today I purchased a pair of headphones 🎧. Good to know that I’m not the only one who has the earwax problem.

  6. This article is really helpful for me to decide what I really want according to kind of audio work that I do. Some people are telling from their experience that prolonged usage of earbuds or earphones makes your ear produce more earwax and in the long term, you may need professional cleaning. So to avoid that, it’s better to have a good pair of headphones 🎧, probably because earphones are located much closer to your eardrums. I also recently felt an increase in earwax production in my ear canal and so today I bought a pair of headphones and I know that it will serve it’s purpose just as good as earphones but will not be harmful for my eardrums and the earwax problem will be dealt with.

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